In 312 AD, Constantine—one of four Roman emperors ruling a divided empire—marched on Rome to establish his sole control of its western half. Having had a vision of a glowing cross in the sky, Constantine achieved victory and claimed Rome, eventually establishing Constantinople as the eastern capital of a Christian empire. In this biography, Paul Stephenson offers a nuanced account of a man whose cultural and spiritual renewal of the Roman Empire gave birth to the historically crucial idea of a unified Christian Europe.
"Everyone interested in the classical period should read this exemplary biography, which eschews psychological speculation and instead builds its case inventively from primary accounts and the iconographic record in statuary, architecture, and coinage."—Library Journal (starred review)